Translating Knowledge From an Evaluation Report

 

For this Discussion, take the perspective of someone who is instructing his or her colleagues and sharing your understanding of research methods and program evaluation.

 

To prepare for the Discussion, select an evaluation report from this week’s resources. Consider how you would present the information to a group of colleagues.

 

Post an analysis of how you would present the results of the evaluation to a group of social work colleagues. Identify the background information that you think they would need and the key message of your presentation. Explain the strategies that you might use to meet your colleagues’ interests and goals. Identify questions that your colleagues might have and what their reactions might be.

SOC 3320 Gender Race and Class Midterm Exam

·         Question 1

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Many factory workers join unions because unions are able to impose the will of the employees onto the employers. As such, unions wield a great amount of:    

·         Question 2

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Because of social stratification in the United States,    

·         Question 3

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Equality of _____ is defined as the idea that every person has the ability to succeed.    

·         Question 4

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The area in the US where poverty is highest is located in the?    

 

 

 

·         Question 5

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In   addition   to   the   criteria   of   wealth,   power,   and   prestige,   what   other   component   did   Kahl   and   Gilber t   include   in   their   six   tier   model   of   class   in   capitalis t   countries?    

 

 

·         Question 6

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Which is NOT an aspect of occupational prestige?    

 

 

·         Question 7

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Which   of the following is a true statement regarding wealth and income?    

 

 

 

·         Question 8

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How   do we define   net   worth?    

 

 

 

·         Question 9

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A well-known Hollywood actress owns homes in Beverly Hills and the French Riviera, and she owns her own movie production company along with a large portfolio of stocks. The accumulation of the different things she owns is considered:    

 

 

·         Question 10

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_______ poverty is also referred to or defined as the federal poverty line.    

·         Question 11

 

    

is the term that refers to the poor that lack access to good schools and good paying jobs.    

 

·         Question 12

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Professor Fuentes is teaching her students about the three components of the social stratification system. She tells them that the three components are:    

 

·         Question 13

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Wesley’s grandfather was a sharecropper, farming someone else’s land. Wesley’s father was a farmer who farmed his own land. Wesley owns an international dairy company that responsible for providing milk products to people all around the world. This reflects:    

 

·         Question 14

2.57 out of 2.57 points

    1.)   Marquita   is working on a project for her sociology class. She asks every student living in her dorm how much money they expect to make on their first job. She finds that most students expect to make between $40,000 and $80,000 per year upon graduation.   Marquita   concludes that most of the graduates will be:

     

 

 

    

What   is not an aspect of life chances?    

 

 

·         Question 16

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    ______ is an issue associated with poverty that results when the poor have a lack of access to technology.

 

·         Question 17

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Levi is a physician. He has the ability to get the nurses to do what he wants them to do. He tells them what to do with the patients and when to do it. This ability to impose his will on others reflects Levi’s:    

 

·         Question 18

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Newlyweds Joe and Jamie, both born to lower-income families, now make six-figure incomes based on being successful lawyers. This family is now part of    

 

 

·         Question 19

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______ is the belief that rich parents have the ability to provide the best educational resources to ensure that their children are successful.    

 

 

 

·         Question 20

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______ created a theory that believes that poverty benefits those that are rich in our society.    

 

 

 

·         Question 21

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Babacar   just moved his family to the U.S. from Kenya. When asked why he moved,   Babacar   said that this country   will   offer him an opportunity to change his social class.   Babacar   appreciates the ________________ available in the U.S.    

 

 

 

 

·         Question 22

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    The Davis-Moore thesis states that

     

 

·         Questio

·         Question 23

 

    

Sociologists use the term social prestige to mean:    

 

·         Question 24

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______ created the theory of poverty that is based in the belief that jobs are rewarded based on skills, education, knowledge and preparation      

 

·         Question 25

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This area of the social class ladder is most impacted by higher education and advanced degrees.    

 

·         Question 26

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Which is not true about education and inequality?    

 

·         Question 27

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A   class system employs a social ranking based primarily on:    

 

·         Question 28

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In terms of Social Class, which factor is most correct in terms of how people are evaluated and ranked:    

·         Question 30

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A   status group refers to:    

 

 

 

·         Question 31

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Equality of ____ is defined as the idea that every person begins life in the same position.    

 

 

 

·         Question 32

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_______ is a theory that poverty happens when there is too much social change happening in a society.    

 

·         Question 33

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Max Weber referred to people’s opportunities to provide themselves with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable experiences as:    

 

·         Question 34

ints

    

Which is not a step in which blaming the victim occurs:    

 

·         Question 35

2.57 out of 2.57 points

    

_______ poverty is defined as poverty that a person experiences for about 24 months.    

 

 

Roz is a   34 year old   public defense attorney. She is dating Peter, a garbage collector. Roz is embarrassed about introducing Peter to her colleagues because Peter’s job has a low level of respect and esteem. Roz is concerned about Peter’s:

 

 

 

 

 

    

Roughly 30 percent of the U.S. population falls within the    

 

 

 

 

·         Question 38

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“Cultural capital” refers to:    

 

 

 

 

·         Question 39

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_______ created a theory rooted in the belief that society believes people are poor due to bad choices and negative personal decisions that they make.    

 

 

 

 

    

Order 332064: There are two movies first is The big Short and Second is the Enron, Write up two paragraphs about each movie: 1st paragraph summarizes the movie, 2nd lets you reflect on the movie.

  Type of paperEssay (Any Type) SubjectMovies Number of pages1 Format of citationNot Applicable Number of cited resources0 Type of serviceWriting

Instructions will be uploaded later.

LAS-432 Tech, Society, and Culture – Devry LAS432 – Course Project

Course Project: Team Project

Objective  |  Guidelines  |  Grading Rubrics  |  Best Practices  

Objective

This capstone course concludes with a research Team Project that starts during the first week and continues throughout the duration of the class. It culminates with the submission of a formal team report and an oral presentation by each team during Week 7 and Peer Evaluations in Week 8.  

Each team will identify and explore an emerging technology. This will be a technology that may already exist but is drawing attention because of new applications, anticipated impacts, or potential controversies. Examples could include nanotechnology in manufacturing; genetically modified organisms; remote or robotic surgery; or wireless electricity.

The team will explore the technical, social, cultural, moral, and ethical issues presented by the technology.  

Guidelines

Teams

All teams will be assigned at the start of the first week. The first deliverable is due on the Sunday of Week 1, so students must get organized and into the project immediately. Each team will select a team leader who will be responsible for the coordination of the research and the submission of assignments. Team members will remain on the assigned team throughout the duration of the class (in the project world, project managers seldom have the opportunity to select their own team members). It is highly recommended that each team develop its own team contract to clearly define expectations, strategies, and timelines.

Emphasis is placed on both individual contributions and the team’s final product. You will communicate with your team through team meetings (online) and team discussion threads. Team members who fail to participate in an assignment will not get points for that assignment. 

With the parts of the Team Project where a group grade will be assigned, all team members must submit a copy of the team’s work. When an assignment is completed, the team leader will distribute the finished product to all team members, and each team member must submit this copy to the Dropbox.

The Task

The primary focus of the team is to research and assess the issues associated with a specific emerging technology. The team will produce a formal research paper in APA format, with each team member contributing 10 pages of text. The paper will provide the basis for a 20-minute Team Presentation.

The following required elements must be researched and included in the Final Project: A brief description of the technology and an explanation of the associated science The historical development and context of the technology Political and legal influences Economic questions and considerations Psychological considerations and sociological effects The technology in its cultural context, media influence Implications for the environment Moral and ethical implications

To properly analyze the various elements of the project, research will cut across disciplines and include academic, scientific, and industry sources. Complete project guidelines and suggestions can be found in Doc Sharing.

Deliverables

All students submit the project individually, not just the Team Leader. With respect to graded group work, the Team Leader must distribute the finished project to the team, so that each member may submit it individually to the Dropbox. With respect to individually graded segments of the project, each team member is responsible for compiling his or her own assignment and submitting it to the Dropbox. 

Week 1 Research topic and outline (possible 50 points, group grade). Guidelines for this assignment can be found in Doc Sharing. Each team will select a topic for research and a team leader. Using the list of required elements for the project, each member of the team will take responsibility for researching specific aspects of the technology. The team will then produce a detailed outline for the project, noting each team member’s research sections. Please note, the list of required elements is just that—a list—and does not constitute an outline. Although this assignment will result in a group grade, each person is required to submit a copy to the Dropbox by the due date. The team leader will distribute the finished product to each team member, whereupon each team member will submit the same assignment to the Dropbox.

Week 2 Resource review (90 possible points, individual grade). Guidelines for this assignment can be found in Doc Sharing. Each member of the team will assemble at least five scholarly academic references that will be used to write the paper (refer to Week 1’s tutorial on Scholarly References). Each student will list his or her references using APA format, and provide a brief explanation of each resource indicating how that resource will be used. The focus should be upon the student’s specific research assignment. An approximate length of this bibliography is between two to three pages. Each student will submit his or her assignment to the Dropbox by the due date and provide a copy to the team leader.

Week 6 Submit rough draft to TurnItIn (no points, but required). Each team leader will submit a single Team Paper to TurnItIn this week, leaving enough time for instructor review and team corrections. This is mandatory, and no papers will be accepted without having been submitted to TurnItIn. After the instructor reviews the paper through TurnItIn, general comments and suggestions for the paper will be directed back to the team.

Week 7 Final draft of the paper (200 possible points, individual grade). Guidelines for this assignment can be found in Doc Sharing. All written sections will be compiled into one cohesive Team Paper. All students should review the paper to ensure that the transitions are smooth, that the sections fit together, and that the bibliographies are compiled correctly. The table of contents should clearly indicate each student’s assigned sections. An introduction should clearly state the paper’s thesis, outline the scope of the investigation, and comment on any challenges the team faced with respect to research sources. Report sections should be clearly identified using level-1 and level-2 headings. The paper should conclude with recommendations for further research or possible solutions that could be evaluated. A complete list of references, in APA format, should follow along with any appendices. Although this assignment will result in one cohesive Team Paper, each person is required to submit a copy to the Dropbox by the due date. The team leader will distribute the finished product to each team member, whereupon each team member will submit the same assignment to the Dropbox.

Week 8

Team oral presentations (150 possible points, group grade).  Guidelines for this assignment can be found in Doc Sharing. Each team will conduct a live Team Presentation with all classmates present.

Important note about attendance:  If you fail to attend, you will not receive credit for the presentation. Exceptions to this policy will be made only for the following unique emergency situations: In the event that the area in which a student resides experiences an extended power outage due to a natural disaster (hurricane, flood, storm, etc.) A student is on active military duty and cannot complete coursework A student has a verifiable (documented) medical or other personal emergency

One hour before the presentation, the team will post their PowerPoint slides and test their microphones. Every member of the team is expected to participate and will be individually graded by the instructor. The Team Presentation is expected to be professional, with each team member expected to speak as if he or she was a speaker at a DeVry graduation; informal and slang language is not acceptable. Each team should rehearse its presentation so that the transition between each speaker is smooth and to ensure that the use of the PowerPoint slides is appropriate.

Online students: You will be using a Web conferencing tool. In order to give your presentation, you will need a computer microphone. Please plan ahead and be ready for this.

Each presentation should begin with an introduction of the team members, and then move to a discussion of each of the elements of the team assignment using PowerPoint slides. After the slides are presented and the sections have been discussed, the team members are to ask the class two to three questions about their technology that will promote discussion among the other class members. The presentation should end with recommendations for further research or assessments pertaining to the technology.

Peer Evaluation (30 possible points, individual grade). Guidelines for this assignment can be found in Doc Sharing. Students will find a Peer Evaluation form in Doc Sharing. Each student is required to fully complete the evaluation of one other team’s presentation. The team to be evaluated should be clearly identified, and all questions should be answered using full sentences with correct spelling and grammar. Each student will submit this assignment to the week 8 Dropbox by the assigned due date.  

Grading Rubrics

Rubrics for this assignment can be found in Doc Sharing.

 

Best Practices

The following are best practices in preparing this paper: If possible, assign teams before the start of Week 1. Use this as a way to introduce students to each other. Assign five to six students per team. Teams can be assigned by time zone, alphabetically, or by interest. Watch the scope of some of these projects because some are too large (nanotechnology) and some are too focused. Get students to consider the scope of their topic while writing their thesis statement for the Week 1 outline. Emphasize from Week 1 the importance of the weekly readings and the requirement to tie the concepts from these readings into their Final Projects. Encourage students to draw up team contracts outlining expectations, strategies, responsibilities, and timelines. Suggest a Gantt chart. Find ways to get the teams to use the team meeting tools as soon as possible, perhaps to work out their team contracts. Routinely check in on the team Threaded Discussions to see who is participating. Clarify that the required elements list is just that; it is not the outline. Provide suggestions for different ways of organizing the paper and the research. Be clear that while students are researching the history of their technologies, they have to compile more than just a timeline. A timeline is a good start, but they must also assess the cultural context and the various social factors that drove the development of the technology. Team projects are often a source of discontent with students. Try to head off potential disasters by checking in with the groups each week. Ask a lot of questions about their research and the status of the projects. If it can go wrong, it will. Because time is tight with the Final Presentations, make sure that students practice with the Web conferencing tools. Demonstrate by using the tools during your own office hours. You may wish to assign groups for the Peer Evaluation (e.g., Team A reviews Team B, Team B reviews Team C, etc.). Students should make notes during the presentations so that they are prepared to complete the evaluation form. Encourage students to submit these evaluations before Week 8, if possible, so that the grades can be up earlier. Students are graded individually on their sections of the research paper. However, there is one section of the rubric for a team mark, which are points awarded for how well the paper came together as a whole. For this part of the individual grade, students in a team should share the same number of points for the cohesiveness of the paper.

 

The Reformation and Late Renaissance MCQs

1.Louis XI of France and Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain were examples of strong   _________   in Renaissance Europe who consolidated power and aided prosperous towns.
2.Martin Luther rejected the traditional Christian idea that salvation could be earned by performing   _______   and insisted that only  _______   could save sinful humans.
3.The Lutheran Reformation shared with northern humanism its criticism of __________  and its interest in translating ______________ .
4.The values of the “Protestant ethic,” embodied in the lives of Calvinist city-dwellers, include the belief in  __________  and _________ , among other principles.
5.The skeptical humanist Michel de Montaigne invented the literary form known as the  __________   .
6. Among the types or genres of drama in which Shakespeare excelled were   ______,  ________   , and  _________   .
7. The Catholic Church’s effort to oppose Lutheran Protestantism and roll back its advances was termed the   _______________   .
8. The immensely successful Venetian Renaissance painter known as _________  was famed for use of vibrant colors.

 

Multiple choice
1. Which of these was an important factor in the Low Countries’ “commercial revolution?”
a. accumulation of wealth in the hands of a merchant class
b. King Henry VIII’s split with the Catholic church
c. destruction of churches and religious art during peasant revolts
d. the invention of linear and atmospheric perspective

2. When Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses, he was standing in what city?
a. Wittenberg
b. Rome
c. Florence
d. London

3. Which of these was built by Francis I of France to accommodate his court in a fashionable Italian-like style?
a. Villa Rotonda, Vicenza
b. the Globe Theater
c. Teatro Olimpico
d. chateau at Chambord

4. Which picture contains a disguised symbol of the theme sic transit gloria mundi, or “thus passes worldly glory,” a reminder that no one escapes death?
a. Holbein’s ^ The Ambassadors *
b. Grünewald’s The Crucifixion
c. Masaccio’s The Tribute Money
d. Pontormo’s Deposition

5. Which of these Northern Renaissance artists was noted for his service to the English King Henry VIII and his portraits of royal wives and diplomats?
a. Pieter Bruegel
b. Albrecht Dürer
c. Matthias Grünewald
d. Hans Holbein

6. The term madrigal would most likely be used in a discussion of
a. Palestrina’s harmonies
b. the Lutheran Bible
c. Palladio’s classical designs
d. music in Renaissance England

7. What statement best describes the effect of Martin Luther’s teachings?

a. strengthened the Catholic Church’s influence in northern Europe
b. gave the individual believer more responsibility than the priest
c. brought about a new respect for the arts in Christianity
d. emphasized the role of good works in achieving salvation

8. Which of these values are associated with the “Protestant ethic?”
a. pursuit of individual freedom and choice
b. preservation of traditional Church rituals
c. generous patronage of art in the Church
d. self-sacrifice and the virtues of work

9. Which of these might most reasonably be cited as a cause of the Reformation?
a. Germans’ resentment against the Church’s corruption
b. interest in reform of monasteries and convents
c. the discovery of territories in the New World
d. the poverty of Northern European peasants

10. Martin Luther’s first attack on the Roman Catholic Church centered on what issue?
a. the reliability of official Bible translations
b. Luther’s desire to be elected a Church cardinal
c. the sale of indulgences to raise funds for the Church
d. Church doctrine forbidding priests to marry

11. Which of these terms is most closely associated with the religious ideas of John Calvin?
a. utopianism
b. indulgences
c. evangelical humanism
d. predestination
12. What northern Renaissance writer’s greatest work is devoted to a satirical exposure of religious corruption and prejudice?
a. Desiderius Erasmus
b. Pico della Mirandola
c. Machiavelli
d. Thomas More

13. What northern Renaissance humanist writer expressed his philosophical skepticism in the form of personal essays??
a. William Shakespeare
b. Thomas More
c. Desiderius Erasmus
d. Michel de Montaigne

14. Thomas More was author of what Renaissance humanist work?
a. Praise of Folly
b. The Prince
c. ^ The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy
d. Utopia

15. What two figures, both important figures in northern Renaissance thought, engaged in a spirited debate over the question of human sinfulness and the freedom of will?
a. Ben Jonson and Christopher Marlowe
b. Francis I and Ferdinand of Spain
c. Desiderius Erasmus and Martin Luther
d. Henry VIII and Pope Julius II

16. Which of these works is the best example of the vivid and precise realism of Northern Renaissance painting?

a. Jan van Eyck’s ^ Arnolfini’s Wedding
b. Bruegel The Hunters’ Return
c. Parmigianino’s Madonna of the Long Neck
d. Tintoretto’s Last Supper

17. Which of these Northern Renaissance artists was most actively engaged in the religious debates of the Reformation and the most influenced by Italian humanism?
a. Pieter Bruegel
b. Albrecht Dürer
c. Matthias Grünewald
d. Hans Holbein

18. Which of these Northern Renaissance paintings is part of an altarpiece—a folding wooden cabinet decorated with painting?
a. Van Eyck’s ^ Marriage of Arnolfini
b. Dürer’s Self-Portrait
c. Bruegel’s Hunters in the Snow
d. Grünewald’s Crucifixion

19. Bruegel’s The Hunters’ Return shows the painter’s interest in what subject or method?
a. applying the techniques of Florentine fresco
b. the dramatic conflict between good and evil
c. the humble life of villagers and peasants
d. reconciling Greco-Roman and Christian ideas

20. Dürer’s Knight, Death, and the Devil illustrates the artist’s
a. desire to capture sweeping landscapes
b. skill in the medium of line engraving
c. indifference to religious themes and ideas
d. revolutionary advances in oil painting

21. Which of these was important in spreading Martin Luther’s religious ideas?
a. Morley’s ^ Triumphes of Oriana
b. the telescope
c. Shakespeare’s Hamlet
d. the printing press

22. Which would one most likely hear at a Lutheran church service?
a. the works of Josquin des Prez
b. a madrigal sung in four parts
c. a congregation singing a hymn in German
d. a motet with a Latin text

23. Which of these Renaissance works would most likely have been encountered at the court of Elizabeth I?
a. Parmigianino’s ^ Madonna with the Long Neck
b. Palestrina’s Mass of Pope Marcellus
c. a theater set designed by Palladio
d. performance of a motet by William Byrd

24. How is the madrigal is best defined?
a. a popular song in several voices
b. the musical resting point that provides resolution
c. a form of improvisational theater originating in Italy
d. a hymn sung at Lutheran church services

25. Which of these works was dedicated to England’s Elizabeth I?
a. Morley’s ^ Triumphes of Oriana
b. Luther’s A Mighty Fortress is Our God
c. Shakespeare’s Hamlet
d. Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion

26. Which of these composers is most closely associated with the conservative Catholic reaction against the Reformation?
a. William Byrd
b. Giovanni Gabrieli
c. Giovanni da Palestrina
d. Thomas Morley

27. Which of these actions came as a result of the Counter-reformation?
a. Columbus’ voyages to the New World
b. innovations in theatrical set design
c. censorship of artistic subjects
d. Francis I’s support of Reformation ideas

28. In what phenomenon did the Florentine Camerata play an important role?
a. the development of a new theatrical art called opera
b. the evolution of oil painting as a medium of secular art
c. the reform of sacred music in Rome and Venice
d. the stylistic innovations of mannerism

29. Which term is associated with the musical works of Giovanni Gabrieli, composed for performance in St. Mark’s of Venice?
a. operatic
b. polychoral
c. baroque
d. mannerist

30. Which of these Renaissance works is best categorized as mannerist–the conscious manipulation and distortion of high Renaissance techniques?
a. Dürer’s Self-Portrait
b. Parmigianino’s Madonna of the Long Neck
c. Palladio’s Villa Rotonda
d. Bruegel’s The Hunters’ Return

31. Which statement best describes the music of Palestrina?
a. directly appealed to emotions of worshippers
b. pioneered the use of multiple choirs
c. rejected intermingling of sacred and secular music
d. attempted to involve church congregations in musical worship

32. Which of these artists was author of the Four Books of Architecture, an important influence on later architectural classicism?
a. Giorgione
b. Andrea Palladio
c. Jacopo Tintoretto
d. Giovanni da Palestrina

33. The Teatro Olimpico illustrates the influence of what Renaissance technique, borrowed from painting?
a. commedia dell’arte
b. linear perspective
c. blank verse
d. chiaroscuro

34. Which statement best describes Titian’s late Renaissance masterpiece Bacchus and Ariadne, painting to decorate a duke’s country home in Ferrara, Italy?

a. follows Counter-Reformation’s demands in its choice of a traditional Christian subject
b. creates a quiet, dream-like mood by the use of a country setting
c. manipulates the rules of linear perspective to create an off-center focal point
d. creates a lively pag

Jerome has a car and that makes it easier for him to participate in after-school activities. Jerome possesses _____ cultural…

Jerome has a car and that makes it easier for him to participate in after-school activities. Jerome possesses _____ cultural capital.

BTM7106 Week 5 Assignment Discuss Quasi-Experimental Designs

  

Week 5 Assignment: Discuss Quasi-Experimental Designs 

Part I – Answer the following questions: Jackson (2012), even-numbered chapter exercises, p 360. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of      quasi-experiments? What is the fundamental weakness of a quasi-experimental      design? Why is it a weakness? Does its weakness always matter? If you randomly assign participants to groups, can you      assume the groups are equivalent at the beginning of the study? At the      end? Why or why not? If you cannot assume equivalence at either end, what      can you do? Please explain. Explain and give examples of how the particular      outcomes of a study can suggest if a particular threat is likely to have      been present. Describe each of the following types of designs,      explain its logic, and why the design does or does not address the      selection threats discussed in Chapter 7 of Trochim and Donnelly (2006): Non-equivalent control group pretest only Non-equivalent control group pretest/posttest Cross-sectional Regression-Discontinuity Why are quasi-experimental designs used more often than      experimental designs? One conclusion you might reach (hint) after completing      the readings for this assignment is that there are no bad designs, only      bad design choices (and implementations). State a research question for      which a single-group post-test only design can yield relatively      unambiguous findings.

Part II – Answer the following questions: What research question(s) does the study address? What is Goldberg’s rationale for the study? Was the      study designed to contribute to theory? Do the results of the study      contribute to theory? For both questions: If so, how? If not, why not? What constructs does the study address? How are they      operationalized? What are the independent and dependent variables in the      study? Name the type of design the researchers used. What internal and external validity threats did the      researchers address in their design? How did they address them? Are there      threats they did not address? If so how does the failure to address the      threats affect the researchers’ interpretations of their findings? Are      Goldberg’s conclusions convincing? Why or why not?

Support your paper with a minimum of 5 resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.
 

Length: 5-7 pages not including title and reference pages
References: Minimum of 5 scholarly resources.

SOCW week

  Discussion: Individual vs. Structural-Cultural Theories

Theories help frame more than presenting problems—they also frame social problems, and both types of problems can be linked in relation to client issues. For example, many scholars and social workers have attempted to understand the social problem of poverty. Turner and Lehning (2007) classified various psychological theories to explain poverty under two headings: (1) individual-related theories or (2) structural/cultural-related theories. In other words, think of these two headings as lenses in viewing poverty. In this Discussion, you apply lenses through which to understand a client’s problem in relation to social problems.

To prepare: Read this article listed in the Learning Resources: Turner, K., & Lehning, A. J. (2007). Psychological theories of poverty. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 16(1/2), 57–72. doi:10.1300/J137v16n01-05 Select a theory under the individual-related theories and a theory under the structural/cultural-related theories. Complete the handout “Comparing Individual-Related and Structural/Cultural-Related Theories” to help you craft your response. (Note: You do not need to upload the handout to the Discussion forum. The handout is intended to assist you in writing your Discussion post.) By Day 3

Post: Describe how a social worker would conceptualize a presenting problem of poverty from the two theories you selected. Explain how this conceptualization differs from an individual-related versus a structural/cultural-related theoretical lens. Compare how the two theoretical lenses differ in terms of how the social worker would approach the client and the problem and how the social worker would intervene. By Day 5

Respond to at least two colleagues: Evaluate one identified strength and one identified limitation your colleague may encounter when employing an individual-related theory and a structural/cultural-related theory to formulating interventions for poverty.

  Assignment: Application of Systems Theory to a Case Study

In this course, you will be asked to select one case study and to use it throughout the entire course. By doing this, you will have the opportunity to see how theories guide your view of a client and the client’s presenting problem. Although the case may be the same, each time you use a different theory, your perspective of the problem changes, which then changes how you go about asking the assessment questions and how you intervene.

The first theoretical approach you will use to apply to a case study is systems theory. In other words, your theoretical orientation—your lens—will be systems theory as you analyze a social work case study.

Different theories can be used to take a systems approach. For example, Bertalanffy’s General Systems Theory considers how a system is made of smaller subsystems that influence each other and seek homeostasis, whereas Brofennerbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory focuses on how an individual’s experience is influenced by different system levels (micro, meso, exo, macro, and chrono). Systems theory is commonly used to understand the interrelationships of the systems (e.g., family, community, organizations, society) of the client. If you are working with families, communities, and organizations, it is also beneficial to use systems theory to get a holistic picture of all the interrelated parts of the system.

To prepare: Select and focus on one of four case studies listed in the Learning Resources. You will use this same case study throughout the course. By Day 7 Focus on the identified client within your chosen case. Analyze the case using a systems approach, taking into consideration both family and community systems. Complete and submit the “Dissecting a Theory and Its Application to a Case Study” worksheet based on your analysis.

 Angelica Wiggins RE: Discussion – Week 2COLLAPSE

As social workers, theories help us to better understand the problems and world around us. Poverty is a social problem that has been examined through a variety of lenses or theories. These theories are typically classified as either being individual or cultural.

Individual-Related Theory

McClelland’s Need for Achievement Theory suggests that there are barriers to achievement and it is necessary for an individual to overcome these barriers. Further, McClelland theorized that individuals who have a need for achievement take calculated risks, often work alone, like to receive feedback, and have a strong need to set and accomplish goals (Turner & Lehning, 2007). When looking at poverty through this lens, one would conclude that if an individual is living in poverty then they lack these common characteristics needed to overcome barriers. When using this theory, a social worker would need to help the client identify barriers as well as use a strengths-based approach to set and achieve identified goals. Utilizing solutions focused therapy or a similar approach could also be beneficial.

Cultural-Related Theory

Sen’s Empowerment Theory proposes that poverty is more than just someone’s socioeconomic status, it is essentially an imbalance of political and psychological power (Turner & Lehning, 2007). By looking at poverty through this lens social workers would see the barriers that society produces for some individuals entrapping them in a cycle of poverty. In order for poverty to be eradicated according to this perspective the balance of power would need to shift. Social workers utilizing this theory would want to work at the macro level to advocate for policy change and more representation of specific groups in our government.

Reference

Turner, K. & Lehning, A.J. (2007). Psychological theories of poverty. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 16(1/2), 57–72.

 Ebony Mcennis RE: Discussion – Week 2COLLAPSE

The first theory I would like to discuss is an individual theory known as “Achievement Theory”. Achievement theory also known as Acquired needs theory comes from the theorist David McClelland. McClelland proposed that individual’s specific needs are acquired over time and are shaped by one’s life experiences. This theory also reminds me of environmental theory. Most of the needs according to McClelland can be classed as either affiliation, power, or achievement. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is also similar to this theory with the notion you are your environment.

 Here are a breakdown of the terms: Achievement- has strong need to accomplish goals, takes calculated risks, likes to receive consistent feedback, and often likes to work alone. Affiliation: Wants to belong to the group, wants to be liked, favors teamwork over competition, and does not like high risk. Power: Likes control, and to influence others, likes to win arguments, enjoys competition when winning, and enjoys status and recognition.

As a social worker, I would first need to identify which dominant behaviors my client is experiencing, and I can use some of this information to help set goals and provide feedback. It will also be important to help the client identify personal barriers they feel are hindering their goals. It will also be important after identifying behaviors to structure treatment by catering to those needs the client possess so they are comfortable introducing new learned behavior. For example if my client is all about achievement it will be important to introduce challenging but reachable goals, and provide feedback to them. This is allowing the familiarity, while also introducing the new behavior little by little. I also want to note that I do not agree that the poor have not developed a need for achievement. I feel that barriers are also achievements in some sort.

Second theory:

Empowerment theory proposes that poverty is more than just low income: It is a lack of political and psychological power (Sen, 1999). More specifically, Sen suggests that modern society deprives “certain” citizens of power and control, which then results in poverty for those citizens. In order to escape from such poverty, Sen believes that a society must provide all of its citizens with three things:

(1) Political, economic, and social freedom;

(2) Security and protection;

(3) Transparent governmental activities (Sen, 1999)

Therefore, I really like this theory. Primarily because I feel is deepens the conversation of poverty, and provides elements of a system designed to segregate. We have to understand that levels to socioeconomic status are designed to reserve resources. There has to be a separation, or also known as survival of the fittest.

In practice with a client I would use this theory by understanding first the system in general restricts the ability for people in poverty to overcome barriers. It will be important educate my client on available resources, and empower their current resources to make appropriate changes. Balance of power will not be shifting anytime soon, so there is work to be done at the lobbying level. Unless people of poverty know about these resources they cannot utilize them. There are also personal factors of a client that can be empowered so the client can eventually make these decisions on their own.

References: 

Turner, K. & Lehning, A.J. (2007). Psychological theories of poverty. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 60-69.

Sen, A. (1999). Development as freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press. World Bank (2001). Attacking poverty: Opportunity, empowerment, and security (World Development Report, 2000/2001). Retrieved on June 3rd 2019, From http://econ.worldbank.org/wdr/ doi:10.1300/J137v16n01_05

52 multiple-choice questions

(2 points) Synaptic pruning is the process by which neurons seldom stimulated lose their connective fibers the two brain hemispheres lateralize during early childhood neural fibers become myelinated as a result of stimulation of the brain new synaptic connections are formed by environmental stimulation 2 (2 points) Donnie and Vinny are playing with similar objects in the same room, without looking at one another at all. They are engaging in _____ play. nonsocial parallel cooperative associative 3 (2 points) Robert was upset when his family car hit a dog. Although the dog was OK and ran away, Robert insisted that his father go back and “Run over the dog backwards, so he’ll be okay.” Although incorrect in this assumption, Robert is displaying egocentric thought idiosyncratic reasoning hierarchical classification reversibility of thought 4 (2 points) Understanding that certain physical characteristics of objects remain the same even though their outward appearance has changed is egocentrism object permanence animism conservation 5 (2 points) Which of the developmental trends matches most closely with the maturation rates of the two hemispheres of the brain? spatial skills develop very rapidly in early childhood control over the arms develops before control over the feet children show a strong hand preference from birth language skills develop very rapidly in early childhood 6 (2 points) A major factor that determines what foods children will prefer is their genetic preference for very salty foods repeated exposure to a food direct pressure to eat a particular type of food their genetic preference for very sweet foods 7 (2 points) When parents have difficulty controlling their own anger adn hostility, their children tend to be more empathic be fearful and shy have problems regulating emotion have higher IQs 8 (2 points) A set of attitudes, abilities, and values that define an individual are known as identification the self-concept self-knowledge individuation 9 (2 points) While Jesse plays, his mother comments and encourages him without giving direct instructions. This form of supportive communication is known as bootstrapping discovery learning guided participation scaffolding 10 (2 points) Which of the following statements about sex differences in aggression is true? As soon as children become aware of gender stereotypes, overt aggression drops off for boys Preschool and school-age girls are just as aggressive than boys Girls are more likely to engage in overt aggression Boys are more likely to engage in relational aggression 11 (2 points) ____ hormone and ____ hormone are pituitary hormones that affect children’s growth luteinizing; thyroid-stimulating growth; melanocyte-stimulating growth; thyroid-stimulating luteinizing; melanocyte-stimulating 12 (2 points) Researchers at a child-care center observed children who had been physically abused. Compared to their nonabused peers, abused children were more likely to ____ when another child was in distress be more empathic seek the help of an adult cry respond with anger 13 (2 points) Christine frequently plays alone with puzzles, crayons, and construction materials. It is likely that Christine is cognitively but not socially delayed bright and socially competent cognitively and socially delayed socially delayed but bright 14 (2 points) Natascha wants to design a play environment that will enhance the make-believe play of her preschoolers. WHich of the following things should she do? Offer a wide variety of realistic materials as well as materials without a clear function Limit the amount of space and play materials so that the children will not be distracted from themake-believe task Allow the children to resolve their own disagreements without adult interference Select the topic for play and then direct the children’s activities 15 (2 points) Children who spend more time in sociodramatic play are at risk for social rejection less socially competent advanced in cognitive development more physically skilled than their agemates 16 (2 points) Young Fletcher notices a four-legged creature and calls it a ‘dog’, ignoring the telltale facial features and stripes that indicate the creature is a tiger. Fletcher is demonstrating irreversibility centration conservation perception bound thought 17 (2 points) The best way of estimating a child’s physical maturity is to use skeletal age weight height head circumference 18 (2 points) According to Piaget, which of the following would have the greatest impact on mental representation for a child in the preoperational stage? playing with a ball asking a parent to get a ball dreaming about a ball looking at a ball 19 (2 points) On the average, 2- and 3- year-olds need ____ hours of sleep and 4- to 6- year-olds need _____ hours 10 to 11; 8 to 9 14 to 15; 10 to 11 14 to 15; 8 to 9 12 to 13; 10 to 11 20 (2 points) Piaget used the term _______ to describe mental representations of actions that obey logical rules organization operations function programs 21 (2 points) During early childhood, on the average, children grow about _____ inches and gain about ______ pounds each year. 3 to 4; 10 1 to 2; 10 4 to 5 5 2 to 3; 5 22 (2 points) According to Vygotsky, children speak to themselves because they are lonely for the pleasure of hearing their own voice because they are egocentric for self-guidance 23 (2 points) Myelination of the ____ throughout early childhood and into adolescence contributes to improvements in sustained, controlled attention cerebellum reticular formation frontal lobe parietal lobe 24 (2 points) A decline in appetite during the preschool years suggests a pituitary hormone disorder occurs because growth has slowed is an early sign of deprivation dwarfism indicates a deficiency of thyroxine 25 (2 points) Right-handed children are more likely than left-handed children to be weakly lateralized develop outstanding verbal and mathematical skills lie turned toward the left during the prenatal period be ambidextrous 26 (2 points) _______ refers to the judgements we make bout our own worth and the feelings associated with those judgements emotional self-regulation Self-concept self-esteem self-consciousness 27 (2 points) In comparing Piaget’s and vygotsky’s theories, Piaget’s theory paid more attention to the development of basic cognitive processes Vygotsky, but not Piaget, attempted to understand the significance of children’s private speech Vygotsky placed more emphasis on skills such as categorization and problem-solving Piaget’s theory pointed out the importance of children’s communication with caregivers 28 (2 points) Which of the following is 3-year-old Leah most likely to believe is alive? the kitchen table a rock a crayon a train 29 (2 points) Neo-Piagetian theorists combine Piaget’s stage approach with an emphasis on ethology behavioral theory information processing psychoanalytic thought 30 (2 points) ______ has/have been shown to strengthen attention, memory, logical reasoning, language, imagination, and creativity Fine motor tasks Make-believe play Animistic thinking Sensorimotor activity 31 (2 points) The original inspiration for the cognitive-developmental approach to morality was the ethological theorists work of Piaget information-processing theory of cognition belief that moral development is a lifelong process 32 (2 points) Which of these influences has the strongest effect on the age at which children lose their primary teeth? Prolonged malnutrition Oral hygiene Environmental pollution Breast- versus bottle- feeding 33 (2 points) At what point are helpful and generous models most influential on children’s prosocial behavior? toddlerhood during the early elementary years infancy during the preschool years 34 (2 points) Seth’s parents make sure to provide him with lots of rich, real-world experiences and restrict his television viewing to one hour of “Sesame Street” per week. Which of the following statements about Seth is probably accurate? Seth has limites social knowledge to incorporate into fantasy play Seth’s parents are limiting his ability to engage in fantasy play Seth’s fantasy play will contain many violent themes Seth’s fantasy play involves very little aggressive behavior 35 (2 points) An overproduction of ____ during early childhood supports the plasticity of the brain dendrites axons synapses glial cells 36 (2 points) In Freud’s theory, a young girl identifies with her mother by doing new activities with her mother rejecting her father altogether feeling that her mother loves her unconditionally taking on her mother’s characteristics, including morals and gender-role standards 37 (2 points) According to Piaget, the preoperational stage begins at _____ and ends at _____ 2 years; 7 years 7 years; 10 years 4 years; 6 years birth; 4 years 38 (2 points) X-rays of ______ permit doctors to estimate children’s progress toward physical maturity growth cells epiiphyses fontannels cartilage cells 39 (2 points) Which of the following is supported by research on sleep? About half of preschoolers experience frequent difficulty falling and staying asleep Most children begin having night mares during toddlerhood Bedtime rituals become less important to children during the preschool years than they wre dureing toddlerhood In some cultures, daytime napping persists throughtou adulthood 40 (2 points) Parents use ______ with boys than girls fewer time outs less physical discipline and more “reasoning” more consistent discipline harsher discipline 41 (2 points) The make-believe play with others that first appears between 2 and 3 years is called sociodramatic play parallel play egocentric play animistic play 42 (2 points) Sean and Jordan are playing in the sandbox. Sean says, “Use the wet sand for the castle. No, the blocks will be best. Were are the blocks?” Jordan is playing with a truck at the other end of the sandbox. According to Piaget, Sean’s speech is communicative adaptive egocentric private 43 (2 points) When 4-year-old Nicholas sees a tree blowing in the wind, he says, “Look! The tree is waving at!” Nicholas is demonstrating dual representation centration animistic thinking conservation 44 (2 points) Cross-cultural research demonstrates that growth norms vary within a culture and vary by socioeconomic status vary by culture are not good standards against which to judge health problems for children in nonindustrialized countries are universal 45 (2 points) Children and adults who exhibit either masculine or androgynous characteristics are maladjusted are extremely rare are higher in self-esteem possess neither feminine nor masculine characteristics 46 (2 points) A major change in represrntation that increases steadily from 4 to 8 years of age is the appearance of self-directed sociodramatic play directing pretend actions toward other objects the awareness that make-believe is a representational activity the use of less realistic toys in make-believe play 47 (2 points) The gland located at the base of the brain that releases hormones affecting physical growth is the ____ gland thyroid ciliary adrenal pituitary 48 (2 points) Cartoon TV shows designed specifically for children are less violent than adult shows have no effect on aggression, since children do not understand them contain more acts of violence than any other type of program actually decrease aggression by providing an acceptable emotional outlet 49 (2 points) As children move from the sensorimotor to the preoperational stage, the use of objects in play become more functinal and realistic thinking becomes related to logical rules make-believe play dimishes symbolic mental activity increases 50 (2 points) According to Erikson, _____ is a means through which preschools can try new skills with little risk of criticism and failure play daydreaming having a temper tantrum displaying sympathy 51 (2 points) The _____ is a structure at the rear and base of the brain that aids in balance and control of body movement spinal cord cerebral cortex corpus callosum cerebellum 52 (2 points) By age 7, American low-SES children are, on the average, About 1 inch shorter than the average for middle-SES children Much more variable in size compared to middle-SES children No different in size than their middle-SES agemates Comparable to low-SES children in other industrialized countries

Your neighbor faithfully applies fertilizer to his lawn to ensure beautiful, healthy green grass. Explain how your neighbor’s fertilizing habit affects at least one nutrient cycle.

Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Human Impact on Biogeochemical Cycles Worksheet.

 

Using the textbooks, the University Library or other resources, answer each of the following questions in 150- to 300-words. Be sure to provide references for the sources you use.

 

 

SCI 256 Human Impact on Biogeochemical Cycles Worksheet

 

Using the textbooks, the University Library or other resources, answer each of the following questions in 150- to 300-words.    Be sure to provide references for the sources you use.

 

Question

Response  

Your neighbor faithfully applies fertilizer to his lawn to ensure beautiful, healthy green grass. Explain how your neighbor’s fertilizing habit affects at least one nutrient cycle.

 

   

Your friend commutes to work every day by driving a standard gasoline-powered car.  Explain how your friend’s commute affects one or more nutrient cycles. 

 

   

Urban areas typically have lots of pavement and compacted soils.  Explain how these impermeable surfaces affect at least one aspect of the hydrologic cycle

 

 

 

Human Impact on Biogeochemical Cycles Worksheet SCI/256 Version 6